A concept that refers to the social differences between women and men that have been learned, are changeable over time, and may have wide variations both within and between cultures.
Genuine Occupational Qualifications
The Genuine Occupational Qualifications (GOQs) are exceptions to the legal rules against making hiring decisions based on race or gender. They are not automatic - the employer must be able to show that specified criteria apply to the job in question. A person's gender is a GOQ for a job on the grounds of physiology where authentic male or female characteristics are required but not physical strength or stamina. GOQs can be applied to jobs where privacy or decency is required. Being of a particular racial group is a GOQ for a job where authenticity is required, eg acting in a film, or where personal services can most effectively be provided by members of the same racial group, eg in care or welfare work.